Wizard Oz Inhaltsverzeichnis
Ein Sturm trägt die kleine Dorothy Gayle in das magische Land Oz. Verzweifelt macht sie sich auf den Weg in die Hauptstadt, wo der große Zauberer von Oz lebt. Nur er kann ihre Rückkehr nach Hause ermöglichen. Der Weg dorthin wird zu einer Reise. Der Zauberer von Oz (Original The Wizard of Oz), im deutschsprachigen Raum auch bekannt unter dem Alternativtitel Das zauberhafte Land, ist ein. Die Erzählung erschien unter dem Originaltitel The Wonderful Wizard of Oz (später auch unter dem Titel The Wizard of Oz) mit Illustrationen von William. Insgesamt gilt dies auch für "The Wizard of Oz", in dem diese Szene gezeigt wird. Victor Flemings Märchen-Musical ist in Amerika einer der populärsten Filme aller. The Wizard of Oz (Tor Classics): noffe.se: Baum, L. Frank: Fremdsprachige Bücher.
Die Kombination aus beidem brachte einen Filmklassiker hervor: Vor 75 Jahren hatte „The Wizard of Oz“ Premiere. Von Hartmut Goege. Insgesamt gilt dies auch für "The Wizard of Oz", in dem diese Szene gezeigt wird. Victor Flemings Märchen-Musical ist in Amerika einer der populärsten Filme aller. The Wizard of Oz, Pierangelo Valtinoni, Fairytale opera in two acts , Cast: Dorothy: Alma Sadé, The Scarecrow: Christoph Späth, The Tin Man: Dániel Foki,.
Wizard Oz VideoSomewhere Over the Rainbow - The Wizard of Oz (1/8) Movie CLIP (1939) HD
Wizard Oz - HarperCollinsDer Psychologe Sheldon B. Der Erfolg war für den Verlag George M. Baum was born in New York. Schweizer Franken. Ansichten Lesen Bearbeiten Quelltext bearbeiten Versionsgeschichte. Da alle anderen Tiere des Zauberlandes sprechen können, kann auch ihr Hund Totoschka sprechen. Wicked ist ein revisionistischer Blick auf das Land und die Charaktere von Oz.
Wizard Oz - NavigationsmenüEs zeigt sich, dass der Zauberer eigentlich gar kein echter Zauberer ist, sondern ein Jahrmarktschausteller aus Kansas, der sich Oz nennt und sein Gesicht mittels einer speziellen Apparatur, die auch seine Stimme verstärkt, in eine Rauchsäule projiziert. Deutscher Titel. Our online shop is not working properly right now. The Wizard like the Lord helps those Produktteste find help within themselves. Deals and Shenanigans. Amazon Certified. Retrieved September 11, This left the final, mostly The Tribe Online portion of the Pokerstars Uk with no songs, only the dramatic underscoring. Munchkin Villager uncredited Tommy Cottonaro Mankiewiczwho soon delivered a Zahn Spiele draft of the Kansas scenes and a few weeks later, a further 56 pages. Munchkin uncredited Eddie Buresh At last they reach the Emerald City, where the Guardian Jackpot Net the Gates outfits them with green-lensed glasses and leads them to the Palace of Oz. Costume design. Viele Bibliothekare und Kritiker bemängelten, dass das Buch schlecht geschrieben sei. Der geborene Lyman Frank Biw Bank Flatex verfolgte Merkur Besonderheiten seiner beruflichen Laufbahn unterschiedlichste Produktteste. Dank einiger Listen, die sich die Vogelscheuche ausgedacht hat, und dem Löwen, der das verbliebene Trio mutig in die Burg führt, gelingt es ihnen, Wsop Site aus dem Zimmer, in dem sie gefangen gehalten wird, zu befreien. Glinda sagt ihr, Hilfe könne sie vom Zauberer von Oz bekommen. Als am
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Wizard Oz VideoHave You Noticed The DARK SECRET In Wizard Of Oz? Obwohl das App Store Online Games für Kinder geschrieben wurde, enthalten die Geschichten von Dorothy, dem "Tin man", dem feigen Löwen und der Produktteste auch für Erwachsene zahlreiche Lektionen. Auch in Washington D. Die Kritiken seines Buches waren unterschiedlich — wieder wurde es mit Lewis Carrolls Alice im Wunderland verglichen und nicht immer fiel der Vergleich zu Gunsten von Baum aus. Aber nur der "Zauberer von Oz" kann ihre Rückkehr ermöglichen. He wrote several sequels and numerous other kinds of books under a pseudonym. Commons Wikiquote. The Wicked Witch Games Ohne Download the West. Zu ihnen zählen beispielsweise James Thurber Wizard Oz, F. Book OpernCard Beim Versuch, aus der Burg zu fliehen, werden sie von der Hexe und ihren Wachen in die Enge getrieben.
Trailers and Videos. Crazy Credits. Alternate Versions. Rate This. Dorothy Gale is swept away from a farm in Kansas to a magical land of Oz in a tornado and embarks on a quest with her new friends to see the Wizard who can help her return home to Kansas and help her friends as well.
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Won 2 Oscars. Edit Cast Complete credited cast: Judy Garland Dorothy Frank Morgan Glinda Margaret Hamilton Uncle Henry Pat Walshe Nikko Clara Blandick Auntie Em Terry Toto as Toto The Singer Midgets Edit Storyline When a tornado rips through Kansas, Dorothy and her dog, Toto, are whisked away in their house to the magical land of Oz.
Edit Did You Know? Goofs When Dorothy firsts meets the Scarecrow, her hair style changes from short and curly to longer and straighter several times.
Quotes [ first lines ] Dorothy : She isn't coming yet, Toto. Did she hurt you? She tried to, didn't she? Come on. We'll go tell Uncle Henry and Auntie Em.
Co-produced by John Fricke and Aljean Harmetz. The Making of The Wizard of Oz. See the Chapter "Special Effects. The Witness.
Archived from the original on September 7, Retrieved September 10, November 25, Archived November 14, , at the Wayback Machine. World of Entertainment.
Avon Books. October 20, University of Texas Press. Keynote address. Indiana University , August New York.
John Canemaker. Aljean Harmetz" PDF. Film Quarterly. Jack Haley Jr Productions. Retrieved September 1, Margaret Hamilton's copper-based makeup as the Wicked Witch was poisonous, so she lived on a liquid diet during the film, and the makeup was carefully cleaned off her each day.
History of Movie Musicals. New York City: Gallery Books. Twenty-First Century Books. June 1, Hal Leonard Corporation.
Chicago Review Press. The Wizardry of Oz. Retrieved August 23, The Wizard of Oz. Retrieved August 21, OUP Oxford. A Movie Timeline". Archived from the original on November 14, Retrieved September 3, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel.
Retrieved October 21, Fricke said he believes the first showings were on the 11th, one day before Oconomowoc's preview, on Cape Cod in Dennis, Massachusetts, and in another southeastern Wisconsin community, Kenosha.
Oconomowoc's Strand Theatre was one of three small-town movie theaters across the country where "Oz" premiered in the days prior to its official Hollywood opening on Aug.
It's possible that one of the other two test sites — Kenosha and the Cape Cinema in Dennis, Massachusetts — screened the film a day earlier, but Oconomowoc is the only one to lay claim and embrace the world premiere as its own.
Wisconsin State Journal. August 12, The Hollywood Reporter. November 7, Retrieved October 27, — via Archive.
Ballantine Books. Last telecast: November 3, The last telecast of Ford Star Jubilee , however, was really something special.
It was the first airing of what later became a television tradition — Garland's classic film The Wizard of Oz , with Judy's year-old daughter Liza Minnelli and Lahr the Cowardly Lion from the film on hand to introduce it.
TV Since ". January 24, Retrieved July 7, Twilight Sparkle's Retro Media Library. Retrieved June 2, November 22, Retrieved April 20, Retrieved March 6, Prime Focus World.
September 11, Retrieved June 4, Retrieved November 2, Archived from the original on July 15, Retrieved January 21, November 3, Archived from the original on January 12, Creative Loading.
Retrieved September 11, October 17, Retrieved September 6, The New York Times. August 16, Retrieved September 22, Harrison's Reports.
New York: Harrison's Reports, Inc. Film Daily : 6. August 10, The New Yorker. Who Put the Rainbow in the Wizard of Oz? University of Michigan Press.
Film Daily : 1. January 12, Retrieved August 30, BFI Pub. Penguin Random House Higher Education. The San Francisco Chronicle.
Retrieved February 25, Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved May 23, Retrieved December 20, Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved January 23, Retrieved June 18, January 4, Archived from the original on March 31, September 5, Archived from the original on July 13, April 6, Archived from the original on February 7, The Guardian.
Back Issue! TwoMorrows Publishing. Retrieved March 8, Instead of the Wizard of Oz sequel that its title suggests, Return to Oz This time, in a story derived largely from L.
Frank Baum's The Land of Oz [sic] and Ozma of Oz , a pint-sized Dorothy has been brought to the screen with a different set of sidekicks; for instance, instead of traveling to Oz with Toto, Dorothy is this time accompanied by a different Baum creation, Billina the Chicken.
Once there, she meets a whole new set of friends American Hollywood. Intellect Books. ET Online. March 5, Retrieved March 15, August 28, Retrieved June 17, Rama's Screen.
Retrieved May 9, April 21, The Lemelson Center. Archived from the original on April 20, Retrieved April 28, Edgar; Harold, Arlen April 21, Archived from the original on March 18, Arcade game Pinball Video game.
The Wonderful Wizard of Oz. John R. Political interpretations Copyright status. Adaptations and other derivative works. Films directed by Victor Fleming.
Jekyll and Mr. Arthur Freed productions. The Wizard of Oz Meet the People Busby Berkeley. Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history.
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The Wonderful Wizard of Oz by L. Loew's, Inc . Academy Awards . February 29, Best Picture. Best Art Direction. Cedric Gibbons and William A.
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Get free delivery with Amazon Prime. Back to top. Get to Know Us. Amazon Payment Products.Judy Garlands Leben war nicht dem der staunenden Dorothy Gale ähnlich, dennoch scheint sie gänzlich authentisch und herzlich in dieser Rolle. So lässt Heinlein seine marsianische Heldin in Bürgerin des Mars sagen, dass ihre Vorstellungen von der Erde vorwiegend aus den Oz-Geschichten stammen. In einer anderen war Dorothys kleines Zirka aufgestellt. Much of the magic comes not from visual effects, of course, but from the very human input of the director, screenwriter, songwriters, production team, and Wizard Oz course an incomparable cast. Heinlein bezieht sich beispielsweise in seinen Büchern mehrfach auf Baums Bücher. Wieder in der Smaragdstadt Kostenlose Poker Spiele, treten die vier wieder vor den Zauberer, der, überrascht darüber, dass das Quartett seine Aufgabe erfolgreich bewältigt hat, einen Tag lang nachdenken möchte, ob er ihnen hilft. So nutzte beispielsweise der russische Autor Alexander Melentjewitsch Wolkow Produktteste Vorlage, um daraus Samsung 888 mehrbändige und durchaus eigenständige Saga rund um den Zauberer Comic Strip Generator Online Free Smaragdenstadt zu entwickeln, indem Club Prive Casino Zurich neue Figuren und Handlungsstränge hinzuerfand.
As Dorothy embarks on her journey, the Good Witch of the North kisses her on the forehead, giving her magical protection from harm.
On her way down the yellow brick road, Dorothy attends a banquet held by a Munchkin named Boq. The next day, she frees a Scarecrow from the pole on which he is hanging, applies oil from a can to the rusted joints of a Tin Woodman , and meets a Cowardly Lion.
The Scarecrow wants a brain, the Tin Woodman wants a heart, and the Cowardly Lion wants courage, so Dorothy encourages them to journey with her and Toto to the Emerald City to ask for help from the Wizard.
After several adventures, the travelers arrive at the Emerald City and meet the Guardian of the Gates , who asks them to wear green tinted spectacles to keep their eyes from being blinded by the city's brilliance.
Each one is called to see the Wizard. He appears to Dorothy as a giant head, to the Scarecrow as a ball of fire, to the Tin Woodman as a lovely lady, and to the Cowardly Lion as a terrible beast.
He agrees to help them all if they kill the Wicked Witch of the West , who rules over Winkie Country.
The Guardian warns them that no one has ever managed to defeat the witch. The Wicked Witch of the West sees the travelers approaching with her one telescopic eye.
She sends a pack of wolves to tear them to pieces, but the Tin Woodman kills them with his axe. She sends wild crows to peck their eyes out, but the Scarecrow kills them by breaking their necks.
She summons a swarm of black bees to sting them, but they are killed while trying to sting the Tin Woodman while the Scarecrow's straw hides the others.
She sends a dozen of her Winkie slaves to attack them, but the Cowardly Lion stands firm to repel them. Dorothy is forced to become the witch's personal slave, while the witch schemes to steal her silver shoes.
The witch successfully tricks Dorothy out of one of her silver shoes. Angered, she throws a bucket of water at the witch and is shocked to see her melt away.
The Winkies rejoice at being freed from her tyranny and help restuff the Scarecrow and mend the Tin Woodman.
They ask the Tin Woodman to become their ruler, which he agrees to do after helping Dorothy return to Kansas.
Dorothy finds the witch's Golden Cap and summons the Winged Monkeys to carry her and her friends back to the Emerald City.
The King of the Winged Monkeys tells how he and his band are bound by an enchantment to the cap by the sorceress Gayelette from the North, and that Dorothy may use it to summon them two more times.
When Dorothy and her friends meet the Wizard of Oz again, Toto tips over a screen in a corner of the throne room that reveals the Wizard. He sadly explains he is a humbug—an ordinary old man who, by a hot air balloon, came to Oz long ago from Omaha.
He provides the Scarecrow with a head full of bran, pins, and needles "a lot of bran-new brains" , the Tin Woodman with a silk heart stuffed with sawdust, and the Cowardly Lion a potion of "courage".
Their faith in his power gives these items a focus for their desires. He decides to take Dorothy and Toto home and then go back to Omaha in his balloon.
At the send-off, he appoints the Scarecrow to rule in his stead, which he agrees to do after helping Dorothy return to Kansas.
Toto chases a kitten in the crowd and Dorothy goes after him, but the ropes holding the balloon break and the Wizard floats away.
Dorothy summons the Winged Monkeys and tells them to carry her and Toto home, but they explain they can't cross the desert surrounding Oz. The Soldier with the Green Whiskers informs Dorothy that Glinda, the Good Witch of the South may be able to help her return home, so the travelers begin their journey to see Glinda's castle in Quadling Country.
On the way, the Lion kills a giant spider who is terrorizing the animals in a forest. They ask him to become their king, which he agrees to do after helping Dorothy return to Kansas.
Dorothy summons the Winged Monkeys a third time to fly them over a hill to Glinda's castle. Glinda greets them and reveals that Dorothy's silver shoes can take her anywhere she wishes to go.
She embraces her friends, all of whom will be returned to their new kingdoms through Glinda's three uses of the Golden Cap: the Scarecrow to the Emerald City, the Tin Woodman to Winkie Country, and the Lion to the forest; after which the cap will be given to the King of the Winged Monkeys, freeing him and his band.
Dorothy takes Toto in her arms, knocks her heels together three times, and wishes to return home. Instantly, she begins whirling through the air and rolling on the grass of the Kansas prairie, up to the farmhouse, though the silver shoes fall off her feet en route and are lost in the Deadly Desert.
She runs to Aunt Em, saying "I'm so glad to be home again! The book was illustrated by Baum's friend and collaborator W.
Denslow , who also co-held the copyright. The design was lavish for the time, with illustrations on many pages, backgrounds in different colors, and several color plate illustrations.
The editorial opined that had it not been for Denslow's pictures, the readers would be unable to picture precisely the figures of Dorothy, Toto, and the other characters.
The distinctive look led to imitators at the time, most notably Eva Katherine Gibson's Zauberlinda, the Wise Witch , which mimicked both the typography and the illustration design of Oz.
Denslow's illustrations were so well known that merchants of many products obtained permission to use them to promote their wares. Costume jewelry, mechanical toys, and soap were also designed using their figures.
A new edition of the book appeared in , with illustrations by Evelyn Copelman. Baum acknowledged the influence of the Brothers Grimm and Hans Christian Andersen , which he was deliberately revising in his "American fairy tales" to include the wonder without the horrors.
Jocelyn Burdick , former Democratic U. Senator from North Dakota and daughter of Baum's niece, Magdalenda Carpenter Birch, has reported that her mother was likely the inspiration for the Dorothy.
Baum spent "considerable time at the carpenter homestead [ Local legend has it that Oz, also known as The Emerald City, was inspired by a prominent castle-like building in the community of Castle Park near Holland, Michigan , where Baum lived during the summer.
The yellow brick road was derived from a road at that time paved by yellow bricks, located in Peekskill, New York , where Baum attended the Peekskill Military Academy.
Baum was a frequent guest at the hotel and had written several of the Oz books there. Some critics have suggested that Baum may have been inspired by Australia , a relatively new country at the time of the book's original publication.
Australia is often colloquially spelled or referred to as "Oz". Furthermore, in Ozma of Oz , Dorothy gets back to Oz as the result of a storm at sea while she and Uncle Henry are traveling by ship to Australia.
Like Australia, Oz is an island continent somewhere to the west of California with inhabited regions bordering on a great desert.
One might imagine that Baum intended Oz to be Australia, or perhaps a magical land in the center of the great Australian desert.
Carroll rejected the Victorian-era ideology that children's books should be saturated with morals , instead believing that children should be allowed to be children.
Building on Carroll's style of numerous images accompanying the text, Baum combined the conventional features of a fairy tale witches and wizards with the well-known things in his readers' lives scarecrows and cornfields.
The Wonderful Wizard of Oz is considered by some to be the first American fairy tale because of its references to clear American locations such as Kansas and Omaha.
Baum agreed with authors such as Carroll that fantasy literature was important for children, along with numerous illustrations, but he also wanted to create a story that had recognizable American elements in it, such as farming and industrialization.
Stories such as " Rip Van Winkle ", published in , and " The Legend of Sleepy Hollow ", published in , predate the Oz tales by several decades.
Many of the characters, props, and ideas in the novel were drawn from Baum's experiences. As a child, Baum frequently had nightmares of a scarecrow pursuing him across a field.
Moments before the scarecrow's "ragged hay fingers" nearly gripped his neck, it would fall apart before his eyes. Decades later, as an adult, Baum integrated his tormentor into the novel as the Scarecrow.
He wished to make something captivating for the window displays, so he used an eclectic assortment of scraps to craft a striking figure.
From a washboiler he made a body, from bolted stovepipes he made arms and legs, and from the bottom of a saucepan he made a face.
Baum then placed a funnel hat on the figure, which ultimately became the Tin Woodman. Rockefeller was the nemesis of Baum's father, an oil baron who declined to purchase Standard Oil shares in exchange for selling his own oil refinery.
Baum scholar Evan I. Schwartz posited that Rockefeller inspired one of the Wizard's numerous faces. In one scene in the novel, the Wizard is seen as a "tyrannical, hairless head".
When Rockefeller was 54 years old, the medical condition alopecia caused him to lose every strand of hair on his head, making people fearful of speaking to him.
In the early s, Baum's play Matches was being performed when a "flicker from a kerosene lantern sparked the rafters", causing the Baum opera house to be consumed by flames.
Scholar Evan I. Schwartz suggested that this might have inspired the Scarecrow's severest terror: "There is only one thing in the world I am afraid of.
A lighted match. In , Baum lived in Aberdeen, Dakota Territory , which was experiencing a drought, and he wrote a witty story in his "Our Landlady" column in Aberdeen's The Saturday Pioneer  about a farmer who gave green goggles to his horses, causing them to believe that the wood chips that they were eating were pieces of grass.
Similarly, the Wizard made the people in the Emerald City wear green goggles so that they would believe that their city was built from emeralds. During Baum's short stay in Aberdeen, the dissemination of myths about the plentiful West continued.
However, the West, instead of being a wonderland, turned into a wasteland because of a drought and a depression.
In , Baum moved his family from South Dakota to Chicago. At that time, Chicago was getting ready for the World's Columbian Exposition in After discovering that the myths about the West's incalculable riches were baseless, Baum created "an extension of the American frontier in Oz".
In many respects, Baum's creation is similar to the actual frontier save for the fact that the West was still undeveloped at the time.
The Munchkins Dorothy encounters at the beginning of the novel represent farmers, as do the Winkies she later meets. Baum's wife frequently visited her niece, Dorothy Louise Gage.
The infant became gravely sick and died on November 11, , from "congestion of the brain" at exactly five months. When the baby, whom Maud adored as the daughter she never had, died, she was devastated and needed to consume medicine.
Bossed around by his wife Matilda , Henry rarely dissented with her. He flourished in business, though, and his neighbors looked up to him.
Likewise, Uncle Henry was a "passive but hard-working man" who "looked stern and solemn, and rarely spoke".
The stories of barbarous acts against accused witches scared Baum. Two key events in the novel involve wicked witches who both meet their death through metaphorical means.
Baum held different jobs, moved a lot, and was exposed to many people, so the inspiration for the story could have been taken from many different aspects of his life.
Baum, a former salesman of china, wrote in chapter 20 about china that had sprung to life. The original illustrator of the novel, W.
Denslow , could also have influenced the story and the way it has been interpreted. Baum and Denslow had a close working relationship and worked together to create the presentation of the story through the images and the text.
Color is an important element of the story and is present throughout the images, with each chapter having a different color representation.
Denslow also added characteristics to his drawings that Baum never described. For example, Denslow drew a house and the gates of the Emerald City with faces on them.
In the later Oz books, John R. Neill , who illustrated all of the sequels, continued to include these faces on gates. One of the earliest illustrators not to include a funnel hat was Russell H.
Schulz in the Whitman Publishing edition--Schulz depicted him wearing a pot on his head. Libico Maraja 's illustrations, which first appeared in a Italian edition and have also appeared in English-language and other editions, are well known for depicting him bareheaded.
Baum did not offer any conclusive proof that he intended his novel to be a political allegory, and for 60 years after the book's publication "virtually nobody" had such an interpretation.
Then, in a American Quarterly article entitled "The Wizard of Oz: Parable on Populism",  the American teacher Henry Littlefield posited that the book contained an allegory of the late 19th-century bimetallism debate regarding monetary policy.
The Wonderful Wizard of Oz has become an established part of multiple cultures, spreading from its early young American readership to becoming known throughout the world.
It has been translated or adapted into well over fifty languages, at times being modified in local variations. For instance, in some abridged Indian editions, the Tin Woodman was replaced with a horse.
Once the camera moves through the door, Garland steps back into frame in her bright blue gingham dress as noted in DVD extras , and the sepia-painted door briefly tints her with the same color before she emerges from the house's shadow, into the bright glare of the Technicolor lighting.
This also meant that the reshoots provided the first proper shot of Munchkinland. If one looks carefully, the brief cut to Dorothy looking around outside the house bisects a single long shot, from the inside of the doorway to the pan-around that finally ends in a reverse-angle as the ruins of the house are seen behind Dorothy and she comes to a stop at the foot of the small bridge.
Test screenings of the film began on June 5, In , the average movie ran for about 90 minutes. LeRoy and Fleming knew they needed to cut at least 15 minutes to get the film down to a manageable running time.
The Witch Is Dead ", and a number of smaller dialogue sequences. This left the final, mostly serious portion of the film with no songs, only the dramatic underscoring.
MGM felt that it made the Kansas sequence too long, as well as being far over the heads of the target audience of children.
The studio also thought that it was degrading for Garland to sing in a barnyard. LeRoy, uncredited associate producer Arthur Freed and director Fleming fought to keep it in, and they eventually won.
The song went on to win the Academy Award for Best Song of the Year and came to be identified so strongly with Garland herself that she made it her theme song.
After the preview in San Luis Obispo in early July, the film was officially released in August at its current minute running time. They continued to perform there after each screening for a week.
Garland extended her appearance for two more weeks, partnered with Rooney for a second week and with Oz co-stars Ray Bolger and Bert Lahr for the third and final week.
The film opened nationwide on August 25, It was repeated on December 13, , and gained an even larger television audience, with a Nielsen rating of It became an annual television tradition.
The film was released multiple times to the home-video commercial market on a limited scale on Super 8 film 8 mm format during the s. These releases include an edited English version roughly 10 minutes, and roughly 20 minutes , as well as edited Spanish versions.
In the s, a full commercial release was made on Super 8 on multiple reels. The film's first LaserDisc release was in In , there were two releases for the 50th anniversary, one from Turner and one from The Criterion Collection , with a commentary track.
Laserdiscs came out in and , and the final LaserDisc was released on September 11, It contained no special features or supplements.
On October 19, , Oz was re-released by Warner Bros to celebrate the picture's 60th anniversary, with its soundtrack presented in a new 5.
The DVD also contained a behind-the-scenes documentary, The Wonderful Wizard of Oz: The Making of a Movie Classic , produced in and hosted by Angela Lansbury , which was originally shown on television immediately following the telecast of the film.
It had been featured in the "Ultimate Oz" LaserDisc release. Outtakes, the deleted "Jitterbug" musical number, clips of pre Oz adaptations, trailers, newsreels, and a portrait gallery were also included, as well as two radio programs of the era publicizing the film.
In , two DVD editions were released, both featuring a newly restored version of the film with an audio commentary and an isolated music and effects track.
One of the two DVD releases was a "Two-Disc Special Edition", featuring production documentaries, trailers, various outtakes, newsreels, radio shows and still galleries.
The other set, a "Three-Disc Collector's Edition", included these features, as well as the digitally restored 80th-anniversary edition of the feature-length silent film version of The Wizard of Oz , other silent Oz adaptations and a animated short version.
For this edition, Warner Bros. The restoration job was given to Prime Focus World. On December 1, ,  three Blu-ray discs of the Ultimate Collector's Edition were repackaged as a less expensive "Emerald Edition".
A single-disc Blu-ray, containing the restored movie and all the extra features of the two-disc Special Edition DVD, became available on March 16, Many special editions were released in celebration of the film's 75th anniversary in , including one exclusively by Best Buy a SteelBook of the 3D Blu-ray and another by Target stores that came with a keepsake lunch bag.
Although the re-issue used sepia tone, as in the original film, beginning with the re-issue, and continuing until the film's 50th anniversary VHS release in , the opening Kansas sequences were shown in black and white instead of the sepia tone as originally printed.
This includes television showings. For the film's upcoming 60th anniversary, Warner Bros. In , the film had a very limited re-release in U.
On September 23, , the film was re-released in select theaters for a one-night-only event in honor of its 70th anniversary and as a promotion for various new disc releases later in the month.
An encore of this event took place in theaters on November 17, An IMAX 3D theatrical re-release played at theaters in North America for one week only beginning September 20, , as part of the film's 75th anniversary.
It was the first picture to play at the new theater and served as the grand opening of Hollywood's first 3D IMAX screen.
It was also shown as a special presentation at the Toronto International Film Festival. According to MPAA rules, a film that has been altered in any way from its original version must be submitted for re-classification, and the 3-D conversion fell within that guideline.
Surprisingly, the 3D version received a PG rating for "Some scary moments", although no change was made to the film's original story content.
The 2D version still retains its G rating. The film was re-released by Fathom Events on January 27, 29, 30, and February 3 and 5, as part of its 80th anniversary.
It also had a one-week theatrical engagement in Dolby Cinema on October 25, to commemorate the anniversary. The Wizard of Oz received widespread acclaim upon its release.
Writing for The New York Times , Frank Nugent considered the film a "delightful piece of wonder-working which had the youngsters' eyes shining and brought a quietly amused gleam to the wiser ones of the oldsters.
Not since Disney's Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs has anything quite so fantastic succeeded half so well. Nor can they, without a few betraying jolts and split-screen overlappings, bring down from the sky the great soap bubble in which Glinda rides and roll it smoothly into place.
According to Nugent, "Judy Garland's Dorothy is a pert and fresh-faced miss with the wonder-lit eyes of a believer in fairy tales, but the Baum fantasy is at its best when the Scarecrow, the Tin Man, and the Lion are on the move.
Writing in Variety , John C. Flinn predicted that the film was "likely to perform some record-breaking feats of box-office magic," noting, "Some of the scenic passages are so beautiful in design and composition as to stir audiences by their sheer unfoldment.
Harrison's Reports wrote, "Even though some persons are not interested in pictures of this type, it is possible that they will be eager to see this picture just for its technical treatment.
The performances are good, and the incidental music is of considerable aid. Pictures of this caliber bring credit to the industry. Leo the Lion is privileged to herald this one with his deepest roar—the one that comes from way down—for seldom if indeed ever has the screen been so successful in its approach to fantasy and extravaganza through flesh-and-blood Not all reviews were positive.
Some moviegoers felt that the year-old Garland was slightly too old to play the little girl who Baum intended his Dorothy to be. Russell Maloney of The New Yorker wrote that the film displayed "no trace of imagination, good taste, or ingenuity" and declared it "a stinkeroo,"  while Otis Ferguson of The New Republic wrote: "It has dwarfs, music, Technicolor, freak characters, and Judy Garland.
It can't be expected to have a sense of humor, as well — and as for the light touch of fantasy, it weighs like a pound of fruitcake soaking wet.
Roger Ebert chose it as one of his Great Films, writing that " The Wizard of Oz has a wonderful surface of comedy and music, special effects and excitement, but we still watch it six decades later because its underlying story penetrates straight to the deepest insecurities of childhood, stirs them and then reassures them.
In his critique of the film for the British Film Institute, author Salman Rushdie acknowledged its affect on him, noting " The Wizard of Oz was my very first literary influence".
In a retrospective article about the film, San Francisco Chronicle film critic and author Mick LaSalle declared that the. The site's critical consensus reads, "An absolute masterpiece whose groundbreaking visuals and deft storytelling are still every bit as resonant, The Wizard of Oz is a must-see film for young and old.
However, for all the risks and cost that MGM undertook to produce the film, it was certainly more successful than anyone thought it would be.
The film had been enormously successful as a book, and it had also been a major stage hit, but previous attempts to bring it to the screen had been dismal failures.
Among the many dramatic differences between the film and the novel, The Wonderful Wizard of Oz , are the era , the character of Dorothy Gale , who is not given an age in the novel, but depicted as much younger than Judy Garland in the illustrations, and the magic slippers, which are silver.
We are not told the Tin Woodman's rather gruesome backstory in the film. He started off a human being and kept lopping off bits of himself by accident.
Baum's Oz is divided into regions where people dress in the same color. Munchkins, for example, all wear blue. Obviously this did not lend itself to the brilliant palette that was the hallmark of Technicolor films at the time.
Dorothy's adventures in the book last much longer and take her and her friends to more places in Oz. In the end, her friends are invited to rule different areas of Oz.
In some cases—including the Scarecrow, the Tin Woodman, the Munchkins in style if not color , Dorothy's long pigtails and the unusual Oz noses—the film's designers were clearly inspired by the book's illustrations by William Wallace Denslow.
In others, including the costumes for the witches, good and bad, they created their own visions of Oz. An official sequel, the animated Journey Back to Oz starring Liza Minnelli , Garland's daughter, was produced to commemorate the original film's 35th anniversary.
Marvel planned a series of sequels based on the subsequent novels. The first, The Marvelous Land of Oz , was published later that year.
The next, The Marvelous Ozma of Oz was expected to be released the following year but never came to be. With a darker story, it fared poorly with critics unfamiliar with the Oz books and was not successful at the box office, although it has since become a popular cult film , with many considering it a more loyal and faithful adaptation of what L.
Frank Baum envisioned. It was a commercial success but received a mixed reception from critics. In , independent film company Clarius Entertainment released a big-budget animated musical film, Legends of Oz: Dorothy's Return ,  which follows Dorothy's second trip to Oz.
The film fared poorly at the box office and was received negatively by critics, largely for its plot and unmemorable musical numbers.
The Wonderful Wizard of Oz is America's greatest and best-loved home grown fairytale. The first totally American fantasy for children, it is one of the most-read children's books In , Aljean Harmetz wrote The Making of The Wizard of Oz , a detailed description of the creation of the film based on interviews and research; it was updated in Because of their iconic stature,  the ruby slippers worn by Judy Garland in the film are now among the most treasured and valuable film memorabilia in movie history.
Adrian , MGM's chief costume designer, was responsible for the final design. There are five known pairs of the ruby slippers in existence.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Frank Baum. Theatrical release poster. Harold Arlen Herbert Stothart. Release date. Running time.
Main article: Musical selections in The Wizard of Oz. Main article: The Wizard of Oz on television. Main article: Adaptations of The Wizard of Oz.
Main article: Ruby slippers. American Film Institute. Retrieved March 9, British Board of Film Classification. Retrieved August 25, Box Office Mojo.
Retrieved October 25, Retrieved August 9, New York: Warner Books. August 18, Retrieved August 15, Los Angeles Times. Retrieved April 24, Library of Congress.
December 15, Retrieved April 16, Washington, D. September 19, Retrieved April 22, Archived from the original on August 5, Retrieved September 7, British Film Institute.
May 6, The Independent. Retrieved October 8, Co-produced by John Fricke and Aljean Harmetz. The Making of The Wizard of Oz.
See the Chapter "Special Effects. The Witness. Archived from the original on September 7, Retrieved September 10, November 25, Archived November 14, , at the Wayback Machine.
World of Entertainment. Avon Books. October 20, University of Texas Press. Keynote address. Indiana University , August Amazon Global Store.
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